A paper in Well being Affairs by Martin, Hartman, Benson, Catlin, and The Nationwide Well being Expenditure Accounts Workforce (2022) finds that nationwide well being expenditures (NHE) rose however declined as a share of gross home product (GDP).
Well being care spending within the US grew 2.7 % to achieve $4.3 trillion in 2021, a a lot slower charge than the rise of 10.3 % seen in 2020. The slower charge of progress in 2021 was pushed by a 3.5 % decline in federal authorities expenditures for well being care after a spike in 2020 that occurred largely in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Alongside this decline, using medical items and providers elevated in 2021. The share of the economic system accounted for by the well being sector fell from 19.7 % in 2020 to 18.3 % in 2021, nevertheless it was nonetheless larger than the 17.6 % share in 2019.
For these with out entry, a weblog publish summarizes the findings right here and there’s protection elsewhere right here. As acknowledged above, the decline in well being care prices (as a share of GDP) is basically to a discount in COVID-19 spending and a rise within the economic system.
Digging into some extra element, we see that institutional providers make the biggest share of well being care spending. Particularly, hospital care made up 31% of price, a broad “different” class 23%, doctor providers 20% and prescribed drugs 9%. Administrative prices from authorities and well being insurers made up 7% of prices which is comparatively excessive by worldwide requirements.
How did well being care spending fluctuate by insurance coverage sort? Healthcare Dive reviews:
Personal medical health insurance grew 5.8% in 2021 and remained accountable for the biggest proportion of complete well being expenditures by payer sort, at 28%.
Medicare spending grew 8.4%, whereas Medicaid progress remained usually secure 12 months over 12 months at 9.2%.
Out-of-pocket spending jumped 10.4%, the quickest charge of progress since 1985, in response to the evaluation, as shoppers spent extra on dental providers and sturdy medical gear.
Whereas the decline in well being care spending as a share of GDP could also be thought of factor, it’s unclear if this pattern is sustainable given the post-COVID changes within the well being care sector and broader economic system. It will likely be attention-grabbing to see whether or not 2022 sees one other decline in well being care spending, which might be because of authorities reimbursement charges lagging behind inflation within the broader. Nevertheless, the information is but to be launched for 2022.